Many students of English struggle with phonetic transcription. This book is intended as a companion for students from the start of their linguistic training up to graduate or postgraduate level when they may analyse and transcribe authentic speech. It provides background as well as practical information (such as where to find phonetic fonts for the computer) and gives tips on how to avoid common mistakes. There are over 80 exercises relating to all levels of difficulty. A key is provided for both British and American pronunciation for most of them.
This book is a practical, step-by-step guide to essay-writing for students of English. In seven fully illustrated chapters it leads the student through all the basic techniques essential to good essay-writing. These include: how to analyse essay questions; how to write an essay plan; how to construct persuasive arguments, well-structured paragraphs and convincing introductions and conclusions. There are also tips on how to avoid the most common mistakes of essay-writing and on how further to improve your essay-writing technique.
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER ? The perfect graduation gift: A sharp, funny grammar guide they´ll actually want to read, from Random House´s longtime copy chief and one of Twitter´s leading language gurus ´´Essential (and delightful!)´´-People, ´´Book of the Week´´ We all write, all the time: books, blogs, emails. Lots and lots of emails. And we all want to write better. Benjamin Dreyer is here to help. As Random House´s copy chief, Dreyer has upheld the standards of the legendary publisher for more than two decades. He is beloved by authors and editors alike-not to mention his followers on social media-for deconstructing the English language with playful erudition. Now he distills everything he has learned from the myriad books he has copyedited and overseen into a useful guide not just for writers but for everyone who wants to put their best prose foot forward. As authoritative as it is amusing, Dreyer´s English offers lessons on punctuation, from the underloved semicolon to the enigmatic en dash; the rules and nonrules of grammar, including why it´s OK to begin a sentence with ´´And´´ or ´´But´´ and to confidently split an infinitive; and why it´s best to avoid the doldrums of the Wan Intensifiers and Throat Clearers, including ´´very,´´ ´´rather,´´ ´´of course,´´ and the dreaded ´´actually.´´ Dreyer will let you know whether ´´alright´´ is all right (sometimes) and even help you brush up on your spelling-though, as he notes, ´´The problem with mnemonic devices is that I can never remember them.´´ And yes: ´´Only godless savages eschew the series comma.´´ Chockful of advice, insider wisdom, and fun facts, this book will prove to be invaluable to everyone who wants to shore up their writing skills, mandatory for people who spend their time editing and shaping other people´s prose, and-perhaps best of all-an utter treat for anyone who simply revels in language. Praise for Dreyer´s English ´´Playful, smart, self-conscious, and personal . . . One encounters wisdom and good sense on nearly every page of Dreyer´s English.´´-The Wall Street Journal ´´Destined to become a classic.´´-The Millions ´´Dreyer can help you . . . with tips on punctuation and spelling. . . . Even better: He´ll entertain you while he´s at it.´´-Newsday (What to Read This Week)
This book is based on the results of research in language typology, and motivated by the need for a theory to explain them. Croft proposes intimate links between syntactic and semantic structures, and argues that the basic elements of any language are not syntactic but rather syntactic-semantic ´´Gestalts.´´ He puts forward a new approach to syntactic representation and a new model of how language and languages work.
The use of English as a global lingua franca has given rise to new challenges and approaches in our understanding of language and communication. One area where ELF (English as a lingua franca) studies, both from an empirical and theoretical orientation, have the potential for significant developments is in our understanding of the relationships between language, culture and identity. ELF challenges traditional assumptions concerning the purposed ´inexorable´ link between a language and a culture. Due to the multitude of users and contexts of ELF communication the supposed language, culture and identity correlation, often conceived at the national level, appears simplistic and naïve. However, it is equally naïve to assume that ELF is a culturally and identity neutral form of communication. All communication involves participants, purposes, contexts and histories, none of which are ´neutral´. Thus, we need new approaches to understanding the relationship between language, culture and identity which are able to account for the multifarious and dynamic nature of ELF communication.
This combination book and audio instructional program is designed to diminish the accents of men and women who speak English as their second language. It will help them speak standard American English with clarity, confidence, and accuracy. Specific exercises concentrate on vowel sounds, problematic consonants such as V, W, TH, the American R, and the often confusing American T sound. It teaches them to employ correct syllable stress, emphasize the correct words in a sentence for native sounding rhythm, speak with American intonation, link words for smoother speech flow, use common word contractions, and more. Additional topics that often confuse ESL students are also discussed and explained. They include distinguishing between casual and formal speech, homophones (for instance, they´re and there), recognizing words with silent letters (comb, receipt, and others), and avoiding embarrassing pronunciation mistakes, such as mixing up ´´beach´´ and ´´bitch.´´ Students are familiarized with many irregular English spelling rules and exceptions, and are shown how such irregularities can contribute to pronunciation errors. A native language guide references problematic accent issues of 13 different language backgrounds. Correct lip and tongue positions for all sounds are discussed in detail. There is also a link to downloadable audio that uses male and female voices to coach correct American-style pronunciation.
The global spread of English has had widespread linguistic, social and cultural implications, affecting the lives of millions of people around the world. This textbook provides a lively and accessible introduction to world Englishes, describing varieties used in places as broad-ranging as America, Jamaica, Australia, Africa and Asia, and setting them within their historical and social contexts. Students are guided through the material with chapter previews and summaries, maps, timelines, lists of key terms, discussion questions and exercises, and a comprehensive glossary, helping them to understand, analyse and compare different varieties of English, and apply descriptive terminology. The book is accompanied by a useful web site, containing textual and audio examples of the varieties introduced in the text, and links to related sources of interest. Providing essential knowledge and skills for those embarking on the study of world Englishes, this is set to become the leading introduction to the subject.
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